The Twins - SMS Moltke and Goeben
A well-balanced design combining speed and armour, the Moltke's were destined to never fight together. SMS Moltke survived the battles in the North Sea, taking four hits at Jutland and several torpedoes in other operations, only to see her end at Scapa Flow. SMS Goeben, detached to the Mediteranean division in 1912, found herself deep behind enemy lines and threatened with capture. Chased by the British, SMS Goeben and SMS Breslau made port in then-neutral Constantinople, where they were "sold" to Turkey in exchange for Turkish entry into the war. Serving under various names but best known as Yavuz, Goeben outlasted all her contemporary WWI Dreadnoughts except USS Texas, but finally went to the breakers in 1974.
The next ship in line, while superficially resembling the Moltke-class, was a new design with increased ability to absorb punishment. And when war came, SMS Seydlitz would prove the design worked.
Painting of General Helmuth von Moltke (the Elder) (Biography)
SMS Moltke's Crest
Project Name: Heavy Cruiser G (Moltke) and Heavy Cruiser H (Goeben)
Builder: Blohm & Voss, Hamburg
Laid Down: Moltke - January 1, 1909 | Goeben - August 12, 1909
Launched: Moltke - April 7, 1910 | Goeben - March 28, 1911
Commissioned: Moltke - August 30, 1911 | Goeben - July 2, 1912
Removed from Service: Moltke - June 21, 1919 (Scuttled at Scapa Flow - sank at 1310 hrs) | Goeben - August 16, 1914 (Transfered to Turkey as Yavuz)
Scrapped: Moltke - June 1927 to 1929 | Goeben (as Yavuz) - 1974
Displacement: 22,979 tonnes (designed) / 25,400 tonnes (maximum)
Dimensions (meters): 186.6 (overall) x 29.4 x 9.19
Dimensions (feet): 615.78 (overall) x 97.0 x 30.33
# of Shafts: 4
# of Propeller Blades: 3 (3.74m diameter)
# of Rudders: 2 (tandem - one ahead of the other)
Max Speed/Range: 25.5 kts / 4,120 nm at 14 kts
Main Battery: Ten 280mm (11")/50 caliber - 5 twin turrets
Secondary Battery: Twelve 150mm (5.9")/45 caliber - 12 casement mounts (Goeben only had 10 after 1915)
Anti-Torpedo Boat / Anti-Aircraft Battery: Twelve 88mm (3.5")/45 caliber - single mounts
Torpedo Tubes: Four 50cm tubes (all underwater - one bow, one stern [portside], one mounted on each side just forward of "Anton" turret)
Complement: 1,050 (as designed) / 1,350 (wartime)
LINKS TO OTHER WEB-SITES
Naval Weapons of the World German Naval Guns
Naval Weapons of the World Pre-World War II German Torpedoes
German Kriegsmarine Encyclopedia
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